Ukraine protests Warsaw

Resources for Media Workers Covering the Conflict in Ukraine

The Public Media Alliance team has compiled a list of recommended tools and resources for journalists and media organisations covering the fast-developing war in Ukraine. It includes links and guides on conflict reporting, financial assistance and journalist safety. This resource will be updated regularly.

Updated: 25 March 2022

Explore our other relevant tools pages, including Fact Checking & Investigative Journalism Tools and Refugee crises and migration reporting.

Featured resource

Lviv Press Freedom Center

Reporters without Borders (RSF) and its local Ukrainian partner, the Institute for Mass Information (IMI) have launched a press freedom center in Lviv, Western Ukraine, that will provide vital physical and digital assistance for journalists working under dangerous conditions in Ukraine. Journalists will be offered protective equipment such as bulletproof vests and helmets; the center itself can also be used as a place for shelter in the event of an attack. They will also be offered information and advice on financial and psychological assistance.

Foreign journalists can also work from the Center between 8am and 8pm where they will have access to internet connection and live-streaming capacities.

CAN YOU HELP? RSF is calling on international donors and media outlets to contact RSF to help provide funds and equipment needed to supply the Center.

Header Image: Warsaw, Poland. 24 February 2022. Anti-war protest outside Russian embassy in Warsaw. Demonstrators call for peace and condemn Putin. Credit: Grand Warszawski /

Funding Journalism in Israel: Secrecy and Political Influence

Funding Journalism in Israel: Secrecy and Political Influence

Center for Media, Data and Society | Central European University
Published: June 2020

Unusual opacity is the most salient characteristic of the media system in Israel, where the involvement of political figures in media operation raises serious concerns.

At first glance, the Israeli media market seems a diverse mix of old and new, public and commercial, cable and satellite, and increasingly dominant, if not ubiquitous, digital media. But beneath the appearance of this growing diversity, there is little pluralism…

Text sourced from CMDS | CEU

Read full report

Who Finances India’s Journalism?

Who Finances India’s Journalism?

Center for Media, Data and Society | Central European University
Published: June 2020

Commercial advertisers are the largest players in terms of funding spent in the media in India, but the state has also a significant role, financing the country’s public service broadcaster, shelling out public advertising money to commercial media and holding a monopoly over the news radio market.

The news media market in India is regionally and linguistically fragmented but ownership is concentrated within a handful of large players, more so in regional geographies. It is significant that the news business is largely run and owned by individuals (and families) with primarily non-media business interests and assets…

Text sourced from CMDS | CEU

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Journalism Thrives in Slovakia Despite Growing Oligarchic Control

Journalism Thrives in Slovakia Despite Growing Oligarchic Control

Center for Media, Data and Society | Central European University
Published: May 2020

Slovaks have access to a plethora of news platforms, but many of them are in the hands of powerful financial corporations, closely linked with political groups. Nevertheless, swelling demand for accurate, quality information boosts the country’s independent journalism.

Slovakia is a voracious news consumer, with almost two thirds of people reading news portals, newspapers or news magazines. Much of this news appetite was stirred by technological advancement. Over 86% of people use the internet, which is a big leap from less than 30% in the beginning of the 2010s…

Text sourced from CMDS | CEU

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Small Screen: Big Debate

Small Screen: Big Debate


Join the conversation on the future of public service broadcasting in the UK

This website will allow you to access a wide variety of research, learn more of our work in this area and submit your views directly to us on the future of public service broadcasting and media.

Explore website

Countering Disinformation

Countering Disinformation

Cardiff University | Arts and Humanities Research Council

“Disinformation is a growing risk to the health of many democratic systems. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, this project will assess how leading UK public service media are counteracting it in news reporting.”

This project is the largest of its kind in the UK and focusses on the content produced by The BBC, Channel 4 ITV and Sky News. It aims to provide a “comprehensive understanding of how British public service media and audiences are developing practices to address and counter disinformation. “

Go to website

Types, sources, and claims of COVID-19 misinformation

Types, sources, and claims of COVID-19 misinformation

Dr. J. Scott Brennen, Felix Simon, Dr Philip N. Howard, Professor Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
A Reuters Institute factsheet identifying some of the main types of misinformation shared during the COVID-19 pandemic

“In this factsheet we identify some of the main types, sources, and claims of COVID-19 misinformation seen so far. We analyse a sample of 225 pieces of misinformation rated false or misleading by fact-checkers and published in English between January and the end of March 2020, drawn from a collection of fact-checks maintained by First Draft.” – Reuters Institute.

Go to report

Media Influence Matrix

Media Influence Matrix Project

Central European University’s Centre for Media, Data and Society (CEU-CMDS) 


Launched in 2017, the CMDS project maps and assesses “the state of journalism on a country-by-country basis”. Country reports include articles, analytical papers and data sets that aim to answer questions on regulation, funding and technology.

Go to website

Humanitarian Journalism

Text from Humanitarian Journalism:

The Humanitarian Journalism project is seeking to better understand how the news media report on humanitarian crises and what shapes their coverage.

We are seeking to map the sub-field of humanitarian journalism and in doing so, further investigate:

1)     How journalists define humanitarian news

2)     How such news is shaped by political, economic and technological factors

3)     What the impact of humanitarian news is on the humanitarian sector

This project is an interdisciplinary, multi-institutional collaboration that draws on newsroom ethnography, interviews and content analysis. Please get in touch if you have any questions about our work. Further details about the research team, our outputs, publications and partners can be found on this site.

The project is primarily a collaboration between Dr Mel Bunce (City, University of London), Dr Martin Scott (University of East Anglia) and Dr Kate Wright (Edinburgh University). Click on the link below to find out more and access resources.


The Public Media Alliance is an institutional partner of Humanitarian Journalism.

Featured Image: The NORAD of ABC in Austin. Image: Trey Ratcliff/Creative Commons

PSM research websites

Are you interested in public service media (PSM) research? Are you struggling to find specific research articles related to contemporary PSM around the world?

Here you will find a number of recommended organisations that specialise in PSM and other relevant media research. Their websites play host to a wealth of publications, event listings and PSM research news.

Where possible we will link to organisations that make their research publicly available.

Remember to explore PMA’s Knowledge Hub for our recent publications, recommended articles and research news from around the world.

Deutsche Welle Akademie

DW Akademie is Germany’s leading organization for international media development. It supports the development of free and transparent media, quality journalism, and also offers programmes to boost media skills.

The Akademie offers a range of training opportunities for journalists and media organisations as well as clients from politics, business and civil society. Its Master’s degree program , “International Media Studies”, combines the disciplines of media and development, journalism, communication studies and media management.

Beyond media training, DW Akademie runs a variety of media development projects and research programmes around the world, with further efforts to promote media freedom and freedom of expression.

Its website hosts a number of articles and reports relevant to public media, such as In Service of the Public. You can find a wealth of other media development articles and publications here.

For more information, click here.

ECPMF & OBCT Resource Centre

An open and growing resource website developed by Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT) and the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF). 

The site has a broad range of resources ranging from academic papers to legal tools and practical instruments for training purposes. The resources are curated with a focus on Europe and issues surrounding democracy and particularly media freedom in the region.

Despite being launched in 2015 there are already over one thousand resource items available.

For more information, click here.

Global PSM Experts Network/PMR

The Global PSM Experts Network is a joint project of the EBU and the RIPE network which operates as a platform for bringing together researchers and experts of public service media around the world.

'This Network will merge with the International Association of Public Media Researchers (PMR). PMR will be an association for scholars and industry experts who support Public Media worldwide. It’s a continuation of the RIPE network and, just like RIPE, will feature an online community, a bi-annual conference jointly hosted by a university and their local public service media, and a biannual edited collection of the most world-leading scholarly work for the year of publication.

The activities include:

- Bi-annual conferences
- Related open-access Readers by Nordicom
- Discussions and information exchanges in our social media communities on Facebook and Twitter

For more information, click here to access the network's Facebook group whilst they launch their new website.


Innovation in Public Service Media Policies (InnoPSM) is a new ARHC-funded research network, which uses a multi-stakeholder approach to bring together academic experts, practitioners and policymakers with a shared interest in PSM to discuss global, ‘innovative policy solutions and strategies’ to confront the contemporary challenges facing PSM in the digital age.

Read PMA's report on InnoPSM's launch and activities here.

NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute

Founded in 1946, The NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute was the “first facility for comprehensive research to be operated by a broadcasting station”.

Operated by Japanese PSB NHK, the institute conducts research into various media and social fields to deepen and enrich the quality of broadcasting culture in Japan, the Pacific region and worldwide. Its website hosts an extensive catalogue of open-source research reports and publications, with many available in English. According to the institute;

“The findings, which are made public, not only contribute to better NHK programming and program production, but also modify the basic framework of public broadcasting. The Institute suggests how broadcasting might change in the digital era and analyzes new broadcasting services.

The Institute surveys public opinion to generate data that can be used when preparing programs and publications, as well as in other planning activities. The Institute also conducts research on survey methods and data analysis.”

For more information, click here.


NORDICOM is a knowledge centre in the field of media and communication research – a cooperation between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Research at Nordicom is focussed on three core working areas: Media and Communication Research Findings in the Nordic CountriesTrends and Developments in the Media Sectors in the Nordic Countries and Research on Young People and Media Worldwide.

Their website plays host to a variety of open source and paid-for research publications and journal papers, with frequent calls for papers. According to Nordicom they specialise in the following:

 “Starting from academic research, Nordicom collects and adapts knowledge, mediating it to various user groups in the Nordic region, Europe and elsewhere in the world. Nordicom is an institution under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Nordicom’s work aims at developing media studies and at helping to ensure that research results are made visible in the treatment of media issues at different levels in both the public and private sector. Nordicom’s activities are based on broad and extensive network of contacts and collaboration with members of the research community, media companies, politicians, regulators, teachers, librarians, and so forth, around the world.”

To find out more click here.


The initiative for Re-Visionary Interpretations of the Public Enterprise (RIPE) is a non-profit international network of scholars and practitioners involved with the study, development and management of public service media organisations.

RIPE is an international project that is dedicated to reinventing, redefining, and recreating the meanings and practices of public service in media for the 21st century. Although many of the original conceptualisations of public media have continuing relevance today – despite rapid and sweeping changes – it is crystal clear that conditions, needs and situations are much different and more varied today when compared with the realities that legitimated the heritage approach that was developed in the early to mid-20th century in Western Europe.

RIPE has an astounding source of globally sourced and open articles on its website and hosts a biennial conference that brings together research contributors, PSM specialists and other contributors to discuss the current and future PSM landscape worldwide.

To find out more and access RIPE’s extensive research archives, click here.