Back to Projects

Conflict Reporting in South Asia


The project’s purpose was to enable media professionals to examine and review their role in the reporting of conflict, particularly ethnic and religious violence, and to devise strategies for covering conflict accurately, impartially, and responsibly while ensuring their own safety. In addition, participants focused on existing frameworks and codes to increase awareness within the profession on how the media industry can better utilise and improve existing laws and policies.

This inclusive and collaborative project included a mapping exercise to assess and review the current codes of ethics in the targeted countries. This was followed by a regional workshop with media stakeholders to develop a Journalist Code of Ethics on Conflict Sensitive Reporting and the Safety of Journalists.


Global attention has focused on conflicts in Afghanistan and Pakistan, but parts of India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal have also experienced long-running conflict. Media organisations have a central role to play in reviewing the way in which conflict and violence are reported. Meanwhile, acts of violence and intimidation against journalists are increasing, meriting consideration of the various needs of journalists in conflict and non-conflict zones as well as a review of the different legal instruments available to ensure journalist safety.


This project ran from September to November 2021.

Meet the fellows of our conflict sensitive reporting and safety of journalists in South Asia workshop

Meet the fellows of the upcoming IPDC/PMA/MAN virtual workshop on conflict-sensitive journalism and the safety of journalists.

Read More


Registration open for three-day conflict reporting workshop for journalists in South Asia

Registration is now open for our conflict reporting workshop for journalists and media stakeholders from South Asia.

Read More

TV cameras

PMA partners with Media Action Nepal for “Code of Ethics to Improve Conflict Sensitive Reporting and Safety of Journalists in South Asia” project

Introducing Media Action Nepal as a partner for our upcoming project based in South Asia.

Read More


Project: Improving conflict sensitive reporting and journalist safety in South Asia

Introducing our latest project, “Code of Ethics to Improve Conflict Sensitive Reporting and Safety of Journalists in South Asia”.

Read More

Code of Conduct: Improving conflict sensitive reporting & journalist safety in South Asia


In September 2021, 30 journalists from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka gathered virtually to strengthen the capacity of the South Asian media environment in terms of conflict sensitive reporting, journalist safety, and self-regulation.

Code of Conduct English

The participants – from journalists to academics and editors – worked collaboratively to develop a regionally relevant Code of Conduct that will act as a strategy document to advise journalists and media workers across the region on how they can cover pertinent areas in an informed, fair, and safe manner. 

Among the areas covered by the Code of Conduct are: 

  • Minimising risks to communal harmony through an intersectional and impartial journalism 
  • Human rights and gendered approaches to reporting 
  • Confidentiality of reliable sources 
  • Recommendations for further improvements
Download the Code of Conduct:

Project partners

This project was organised by the Public Media Alliance, with support from our local partner Media Action Nepal, the UNESCO New Delhi Office, and the UNESCO International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC). We extend our thanks to our workshop facilitators, Mr. Laxman Datt Pant, Chairperson of Media Action Nepal, and Dr. Sadia Jamil, UAE Country Representative of the Asian Media Information and Communication Centre. Special thanks are also extended to our South Asian fellows and media stakeholders from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. 

Featured image: A press photojournalist is holding a camera with a zoom lens and is photographing war and conflict. Credit: chameleonseye/iStock

Secondary image: The fellows of PMA’s conflict reporting project for South Asia